You can import JSON formatted logs from Treasure Agent (td-agent), to continuously import the access logs into the cloud.

td-agent handles log-rotation. td-agent keeps a record of the last position of the log, ensuring that each line is read exactly once even if the td-agent process goes down. However, because the information is kept in a file, the "exactly once" guarantee breaks down if the file becomes corrupted.


td-agent:td-agent must have permission to read the logs.

Installing td-agent

td-agent is under the Fluentd project. td-agent extends Fluentd with custom plugins for Treasure Data.

‘td-agent’ must be installed on your application servers. td-agent is a daemon program dedicated to the streaming upload of any kind of the time-series data. td-agent is developed and maintained by Treasure Data.

To set up td-agent, refer to the following articles; we provide deb/rpm packages for Linux systems.

If you have...

Refer to...


Installing td-agent on MacOS X

Ubuntu System

Installing td-agent for Debian and Ubuntu

RHEL / CentOS System

Installing td-agent for Redhat and CentOS

AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Installing td-agent on AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Modifying td-agent.conf

Specify your authentication key by setting the apikey option. You can view your API key from the TD Console.

Access /etc/td-agent/td-agent.conf to set the apikey option.

YOUR_API_KEY should be your API key string.

# Tailing the JSON formatted Logs
  type tail
  format json
  path /path/to/the/file/foo.json
  pos_file /var/log/td-agent/foo.pos

# Treasure Data Input and Output
<match td.*.*>
  type tdlog
  apikey YOUR_API_KEY
  buffer_type file
  buffer_path /var/log/td-agent/buffer/td
  use_ssl true

Restart your agent when the following lines are in place.

$ sudo /etc/init.d/td-agent restart

td-agent tails the file, buffers the log (var/log/td-agent/buffer/td), and automatically uploads the log into the cloud.

Confirming Data Import

The following example is a sample log file. Every time a new line is appended to the log file, td-agent parses the line and adds the record to the buffer. td-agent uploads the data into the cloud every 5 minutes. To upload the data immediately, send a SIGUSR1 signal.

$ tail -n 5 /path/to/the/file/foo.json
{"a"=>"b", "c"=>"d"}
{"a"=>"b", "c"=>"d", "e"=>1}
{"a"=>"b", "c"=>"d", "e"=>1, "f"=>2.0}
{"a"=>"b", "c"=>"d"}
{"a"=>"b", "c"=>"d", "e"=>1}

Issue the following commands to confirm that everything is configured correctly.

# append new entries
$ tail -n 3 /path/to/the/file/foo.json > sample.txt # take the last three lines of the log...
$ cat sample.txt >>/path/to/the/file/foo.json       # and append them to the buffer file to trigger the tail plugin.

# flush the buffer
$ kill -USR1 `cat /var/run/td-agent/`

To confirm that your data has been uploaded successfully, issue the td tables command as follows.

$ td tables
| Database   | Table      | Type | Count     |
| production | foo        | log  | 3         |

Check /var/log/td-agent.log if it’s not working correctly. td-agent:td-agent must have permission to read the logs.

Next Steps

We offer a schema mechanism that is more flexible than that of traditional RDBMSs. For queries, we leverage the Hive Query Language.